Second World War

This is the Exeter WWII Trail which allows you to explore the city centre and see objects and images from RAMM's collection placed into the context in which they were discovered, used or created.

Continue

 

Tour Map

St Mary Arches

St Mary Arches

St Mary Arches
(Location 1 of 19)

Interior of St Mary Arches Church Exeter, 1942 by Dennis Flanders (1915-1994) © Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery, Exeter


St Mary Arches is the only Devon parish church which retains two Norman arcades, with typical round arches, scalloped capitals and circular piers. The church is shown here after bomb damage in 1942; it was later restored by the architect S. Dykes-Bower.

The Chevalier Inn, Fore Street

The Chevalier Inn, Fore Street

The Chevalier Inn, Fore Street
(Location 2 of 19)

Painted in 1833 by R. Brown, this pair of town houses was built in the early 17th century. They show the elaborately carved wooden frontages, with projecting oriels and much glass, fashionable before the Civil War. The two properties subsequently became the Chevalier Inn, named after the earthenware roof-tile with a modelled horse-and-rider finial on the gable of No. 79. They were destroyed in the Blitz of 1942.

Bamfylde House

Bamfylde House

Bamfylde House
(Location 3 of 19)

Bamfylde House, the town house of the Bamfylde family, was constructed around 1590-1600. It consisted of three ranges laid out around a small courtyard. The house was famed for its rich interiors with their panelling and plasterwork. It was demolished in the Blitz of 1942.

The Bedford Chapel

The Bedford Chapel

The Bedford Chapel
(Location 4 of 19)

The Bedford Chapel formed the centrepiece of the southern crescent of Bedford Circus. It was built in 1832 as a proprietary chapel during the cholera epidemic. By the time it was erected the fashion for plain brick had been replaced by that for stucco. The unusual theatre-like design had the altar at the west end. The Chapel was severely damaged in the Blitz of 1942 and was subsequently demolished in 1946.

Bedford Circus

Bedford Circus

Bedford Circus
(Location 5 of 19)

Bedford Circus was Exeter's finest group of Georgian buildings. Built between 1773 and 1826 by Robert Stribling and Matthew Nosworthy, the circus consisted of two curving terraces of houses facing each other across an oval green. It was demolished following extensive damage in 1942.

Damage to the cathedral

Damage to the cathedral

Damage to the cathedral
(Location 6 of 19)

War Damage to Exeter Cathedral, May 1942 by Dennis Flanders (1915-1994) © Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery, Exeter


The cathedral suffered a single direct hit during the Blitz of 1942, when the chapels flanking the south choir aisle were demolished. The painting by Dennis Flanders, dated June 1942, shows the scene immediately afterwards. Fortunately the Bishop's Throne, a masterpiece of medieval woodwork which stood in the choir, close to the site of the blast, had been removed to Mamhead at the outbreak of the war.


The painting was presented to the museum by the War Artists' Advisory Committee in 1948.

Exeter Cathedral and the Close in 1943

Exeter Cathedral and the Close in 1943

Exeter Cathedral and the Close in 1943
(Location 7 of 19)

Exeter Cathedral and the Close 1943 by William Lionel Clause © Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery, Exeter. Presented by HM Government War Artists' Advisory Committee.


The Cathedral escaped the bombing with only limited damage in 1942, but many of the buildings of the Cathedral Close and South Street were demolished or badly damaged.


This pen-and-watercolour view by the war artist W.L. Clause looks towards the Close, showing the state of the Cathedral and Close following extensive demolitions of badly damaged buildings.

Bedford Circus after the Blitz

Bedford Circus after the Blitz

Bedford Circus after the Blitz
(Location 8 of 19)

Bedford Circus after the Blitz, c.1942, by Albert Charles Bown © Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery, Exeter


Drawn in 1942 by the war artist A. C. Bown, the view looks across Bedford Circus towards the cathedral. Since the Blitz had made much more use of incendiary bombs than high explosives, the circus and many other buildings had been gutted by fire, not completely destroyed, and there were calls to preserve its remaining buildings. In the event, however, the decision was made to clear the entire area.

Thomas Sharps plan, 1946

Thomas Sharps plan, 1946

Thomas Sharps plan, 1946
(Location 9 of 19)

<p>In the later years of the war the government appointed town planners to draw up proposals for rebuilding the badly damaged city once the war was over. The planner Thomas Sharp presented his proposals in his book Exeter Phoenix (1946). Sharp was very conscious of the historic character of the city and the high quality of its best buildings, but recommended rebuilding the city in a modern style, and tried to offer a mix of large new shops and offices with the old.</p>
<p>Opinions about his work have varied greatly. In fact only parts of his plan - the High Street and Princesshay for example - were carried through.</p>

German map of Exeter

German map of Exeter

German map of Exeter
(Location 10 of 19)

As Germany prepared for war in the late 1930s its forces found British maps, mainly at old Imperial scales, unsatisfactory and therefore prepared a new set of maps of English cities at metric scales.


This German war map of Exeter highlights the city's principal strategic targets such as railway stations, gas works, barracks and hospitals. After the war it somehow found its way to the Exeter city planning department, where it was used in post-war years.

An Anderson shelter

An Anderson shelter

An Anderson shelter
(Location 11 of 19)

Anderson shelters were first issued in 1938 at a cost of £7 (free to poor houses). Devised by the Home Secretary John Anderson, but named after their designer Dr David Anderson, they consisted of fourteen sheets of corrugated steel which were bolted together to form a hut. This was placed in a hole in the ground and covered with earth, and could withstand anything but a direct hit. By the time of the Blitz, 2.25 million houses had an Anderson shelter in their garden, each providing shelter for 4-6 people.


This example was used in a garden in St Thomas until 1991 when it was passed to the museum; it proved inconvenient as a garden shed because shelves could not be put up in it.

Civil Defence arm band

Civil Defence arm band

Civil Defence arm band
(Location 12 of 19)

These arm bands were worn by members of the civil defence during the early part of World War II; latterly these bands were replaced by black uniforms. The civil defence was a civilian organisation responsible for rescuing people from burning buildings, tending to the wounded and generally functioning in a similar manner to air raid wardens.

Fire Guard arm band

Fire Guard arm band

Fire Guard arm band
(Location 13 of 19)

Arm bands of this type were worn by auxiliary firemen posted to observe and protect important buildings during World War II. Frequently, positioned on top of tall buildings, these firemen would relay information concerning the damage inflicted to Exeter to the emergency services during Luftwaffe bombing raids.

The Cathedral Close in the 1950s

The Cathedral Close in the 1950s

The Cathedral Close in the 1950s
(Location 14 of 19)

Cathedral Close, Exeter by Miles Sharpe © Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery, Exeter


Miles Sharp's post-war view of the Close shows the bulky Victorian church of Mary Major (right) and Lutyens' War Memorial (centre) in front of the cathedral. Traffic was allowed to accumulate.

Thomas Sharp's view of Exeter from the North

Thomas Sharp's view of Exeter from the North

Thomas Sharp's view of Exeter from the North
(Location 15 of 19)

<p>This view was drawn up by the town planner Thomas Sharp at the end of World War II showing his proposals for rebuilding the city. It was published in his book Exeter Phoenix (1946). At the foot of the view are Central Station and the proposed new bus station, with the line of the city wall extending across the view behind them. The view looks across the area now occupied by the Guildhall shopping centre (centre of view) towards the Cathedral in the distance.</p>
<p>Thomas Sharp envisaged a 'green moat' surrounding the city walls, outside which traffic would be carried by new streets by-passing the centre. He hoped to knock down the museum and replace it with a post-war building, reflecting the low esteem in which Victorian architecture was held in the 1940s. His ideas on this side of town largely failed to materialise.</p>

Cord from a parachute mine

Cord from a parachute mine

Cord from a parachute mine
(Location 16 of 19)

This is the cord from a German parachute mine dropped on St Loyes Estate, Exeter, on 28th November 1940.

Travel warrant

Travel warrant

Travel warrant
(Location 17 of 19)

This travel warrant was issued by the RAF Recruiting Centre, Exeter, for a single journey between Torquay and Exeter. It authorised DV Joyes to a single third class journey as part of his recruiting duties during the Second World War.

Deller's cafe mug

Deller's cafe mug

Deller's cafe mug
(Location 18 of 19)

Deller's cafe was a large and ornate building in the centre of Exeter. It was well-known as a lively place to meet and was even mentioned in a novel by Agatha Christie. Unfortunately the building was destroyed during the Blitz of May 4th 1942.

This mug was rescued from the building by two members of staff who worked at the cafe. It is made from steel and could contain a half pint.

Fragment from a bomb

Fragment from a bomb

Fragment from a bomb
(Location 19 of 19)

This tail fin is the remains of a bomb which fell on the house at 7 Lucas Avenue during the Blitz of 4th May 1942. It is a type of weapon called an 'incendiary bomb' and was designed to cause destruction by fire rather than by explosion. Thousands of these bombs fell on Exeter that night and it was the most devastating of the bombing raids on the city during the Second World War. In a single night hundreds of people were killed, and some of the city's most famous landmarks were destroyed including Deller's Cafe and Bamfylde House.

Scroll left Scroll right

My Second World War Notes

Second World War

This is the Exeter WWII Trail which allows you to explore the city centre and see objects and images from RAMM's collection placed into the context in which they were discovered, used or created.

By following this trail you will learn how this global war affected the people of Exeter and witness how the landscape was altered by the conflict.

Visit Website

More by Second World War

  1. Introduction
    1. These terms and conditions govern your use of our website.
    2. By using our website, you accept these terms and conditions in full; accordingly, if you disagree with these terms and conditions or any part of these terms and conditions, you must not use our website.
    3. If you submit any material to our website or use any of our website services, we will ask you to expressly agree to these terms and conditions.
    4. You must be at least 13 years of age to use our website; and by using our website or agreeing to these terms and conditions, you warrant and represent to us that you are at least 13 years of age.
    5. Our website uses cookies; by using our website or agreeing to these terms and conditions, you consent to our use of cookies.
  2. Copyright notice
    1. Copyright (c) 2017 Second World War.
    2. Subject to the express provisions of these terms and conditions:
      (a)we, together with our licensors, own and control all the copyright and other intellectual property rights in our website and the material on our website; and
      (b)all the copyright and other intellectual property rights in our website and the material on our website are reserved.
  3. Licence to use website
    1. You may:
      (a)view pages from our website in a web browser;
      (b)download pages from our website for caching in a web browser;
      (c)print pages from our website;
      (d)stream audio and video files from our website; and
      (e)use our website services by means of a web browser,
      subject to the other provisions of these terms and conditions.
    2. Except as expressly permitted by the other provisions of these terms and conditions, you must not download any material from our website or save any such material to your computer.
    3. You may only use our website for your own personal and business purposes and you must not use our website for any other purposes.
    4. Except as expressly permitted by these terms and conditions, you must not edit or otherwise modify any material on our website.
    5. Unless you own or control the relevant rights in the material, you must not:
      (a)republish material from our website (including republication on another website);
      (b)sell, rent or sub-license material from our website;
      (c)show any material from our website in public;
      (d)exploit material from our website for a commercial purpose; or
      (e)redistribute material from our website.
    6. We reserve the right to restrict access to areas of our website, or indeed our whole website, at our discretion; you must not circumvent or bypass, or attempt to circumvent or bypass, any access restriction measures on our website.
  4. Acceptable use
    1. You must not:
      (a)use our website in any way or take any action that causes, or may cause, damage to the website or impairment of the performance, availability or accessibility of the website;
      (b)use our website in any way that is unlawful, illegal, fraudulent or harmful, or in connection with any unlawful, illegal, fraudulent or harmful purpose or activity;
      (c)use our website to copy, store, host, transmit, send, use, publish or distribute any material which consists of (or is linked to) any spyware, computer virus, Trojan horse, worm, keystroke logger, rootkit or other malicious computer software;
      (d)conduct any systematic or automated data collection activities (including without limitation scraping, data mining, data extraction and data harvesting) on or in relation to our website without our express written consent;
      (e)access or otherwise interact with our website using any robot, spider or other automated means;
      (f)violate the directives set out in the robots.txt file for our website; or
      (g)use data collected from our website for any direct marketing activity (including without limitation email marketing, SMS marketing, telemarketing and direct mailing).
    2. You must not use data collected from our website to contact individuals, companies or other persons or entities.
    3. You must ensure that all the information you supply to us through our website, or in relation to our website, is true, accurate, current, complete and non-misleading.
  5. Posting material
    1. To be eligible to post information on our website you must be at least 13 years of age and resident in the United Kingdom.
  6. User IDs and passwords
    1. If you register for an account with our website, we will provide you with a user ID and password.
    2. Your user ID must not be liable to mislead and must comply with the content rules set out in Section 9; you must not use your account or user ID for or in connection with the impersonation of any person.
    3. You must keep your password confidential.
    4. You must notify us in writing immediately if you become aware of any disclosure of your password.
    5. You are responsible for any activity on our website arising out of any failure to keep your password confidential, and may be held liable for any losses arising out of such a failure.
  7. Cancellation and suspension of account
    1. We may:
      (a)suspend your account;
      (b)cancel your account; and/or
      (c)edit your account details,
      at any time in our sole discretion without notice or explanation.
  8. Your content: licence
    1. In these terms and conditions, "your content" means all works and materials (including without limitation text, graphics, images, audio material, video material, audio-visual material, scripts, software and files) that you submit to us or our website for storage or publication on, processing by, or transmission via, our website.
    2. You grant to us a perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, royalty-free, and non-exclusive license to use, reproduce, store, adapt, publish, translate and distribute your content in any existing or future media / reproduce, store and publish your content on and in relation to this website and any successor website / reproduce, store and, with your specific consent, publish your content on and in relation to this website.
    3. You hereby waive all your moral rights in your content to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law; and you warrant and represent that all other moral rights in your content have been waived to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law.
    4. Without prejudice to our other rights under these terms and conditions, if you breach any provision of these terms and conditions in any way, or if we reasonably suspect that you have breached these terms and conditions in any way, we may delete, unpublish or edit any or all of your content.
  9. Your content: rules
    1. You warrant and represent that your content will comply with these terms and conditions.
    2. Your content must not be illegal or unlawful, must not infringe any person's legal rights, and must not be capable of giving rise to legal action against any person (in each case in any jurisdiction and under any applicable law).
    3. Your content, and the use of your content by us in accordance with these terms and conditions, must not:
      (a)be libellous or maliciously false;
      (b)be obscene or indecent;
      (c)infringe any copyright, moral right, database right, trade mark right, design right, right in passing off, or other intellectual property right;
      (d)infringe any right of confidence, right of privacy or right under data protection legislation;
      (e)constitute negligent advice or contain any negligent statement;
      (f)constitute an incitement to commit a crime[, instructions for the commission of a crime or the promotion of criminal activity;
      (g)be in contempt of any court, or in breach of any court order;
      (h)be in breach of racial or religious hatred or discrimination legislation;
      (i)be blasphemous;
      (j)be in breach of official secrets legislation;
      (k)be in breach of any contractual obligation owed to any person;
      (l)depict violence, in an explicit, graphic or gratuitous manner;
      (m) be pornographic, lewd, suggestive or sexually explicit;
      (n)be untrue, false, inaccurate or misleading;
      (o)consist of or contain any instructions, advice or other information which may be acted upon and could, if acted upon, cause illness, injury or death, or any other loss or damage;
      (p)constitute spam;
      (q)contain pictures of children under the age of 16 years whose parental consent hasn't been completly gained;
      (r)be offensive, deceptive, fraudulent, threatening, abusive, harassing, anti-social, menacing, hateful, discriminatory or inflammatory; or
      (s)cause annoyance, inconvenience or needless anxiety to any person.
    4. Your content must be appropriate, civil and tasteful, and accord with generally accepted standards of etiquette and behaviour on the internet.
    5. You must not use our website to link to any website or web page consisting of or containing material that would, were it posted on our website, breach the provisions of these terms and conditions.
    6. You must not submit to our website any material that is or has ever been the subject of any threatened or actual legal proceedings or other similar complaint.
  10. Report abuse
    1. If you learn of any unlawful material or activity on our website, or any material or activity that breaches these terms and conditions, please let us know.
    2. You can let us know by email by clicking here: ramm.digitalmedia@gmail.com
  11. Limited warranties
    1. We do not warrant or represent:
      (a)the completeness or accuracy of the information published on our website;
      (b)that the material on the website is up to date; or
      (c)that the website or any service on the website will remain available.
    2. We reserve the right to discontinue or alter any or all of our website services, and to stop publishing our website, at any time in our sole discretion without notice or explanation; and save to the extent that these terms and conditions expressly provide otherwise, you will not be entitled to any compensation or other payment upon the discontinuance or alteration of any website services, or if we stop publishing the website.
    3. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law we exclude all representations and warranties relating to the subject matter of these terms and conditions, our website and the use of our website.
  12. Limitations and exclusions of liability
    1. Nothing in these terms and conditions will:
      (a)limit or exclude any liability for death or personal injury resulting from negligence;
      (b)limit or exclude any liability for fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation;
      (c)limit any liabilities in any way that is not permitted under applicable law; or
      (d)exclude any liabilities that may not be excluded under applicable law.
    2. The limitations and exclusions of liability set out elsewhere in these terms and conditions:
      (a)govern all liabilities arising under these terms and conditions or relating to the subject matter of these terms and conditions, including liabilities arising in contract, in tort (including negligence) and for breach of statutory duty.
    3. To the extent that our website and the information and services on our website are provided free of charge, we will not be liable for any loss or damage of any nature.
    4. We will not be liable to you in respect of any losses arising out of any event or events beyond our reasonable control.
    5. We will not be liable to you in respect of any business losses, including (without limitation) loss of or damage to profits, income, revenue, use, production, anticipated savings, business, contracts, commercial opportunities or goodwill.
    6. We will not be liable to you in respect of any loss or corruption of any data, database or software.
    7. We will not be liable to you in respect of any special, indirect or consequential loss or damage.
    8. You accept that we have an interest in limiting the personal liability of our officers and employees and, having regard to that interest, you acknowledge that we are a limited liability entity; you agree that you will not bring any claim personally against our officers or employees in respect of any losses you suffer in connection with the website or these terms and conditions (this will not, of course, limit or exclude the liability of the limited liability entity itself for the acts and omissions of our officers and employees).
  13. Indemnity
    1. You hereby indemnify us, and undertake to keep us indemnified, against any and all losses, damages, costs, liabilities and expenses (including without limitation legal expenses and any amounts paid by us to a third party in settlement of a claim or dispute) incurred or suffered by us and arising directly or indirectly out of:
      (a)any breach by you of any provision of these terms and conditions; or
      (b)your use of our website.
  14. Breaches of these terms and conditions
    1. Without prejudice to our other rights under these terms and conditions, if you breach these terms and conditions in any way, or if we reasonably suspect that you have breached these terms and conditions in any way, we may:
      (a)send you one or more formal warnings;
      (b)temporarily suspend your access to our website;
      (c)permanently prohibit you from accessing our website;
      (d)block computers using your IP address from accessing our website;
      (e)contact any or all your internet service providers and request that they block your access to our website;
      (f)commence legal action against you, whether for breach of contract or otherwise; and/or
      (g)suspend or delete your account on our website.
    2. Where we suspend or prohibit or block your access to our website or a part of our website, you must not take any action to circumvent such suspension or prohibition or blocking (including without limitation creating and/or using a different account).
  15. Third party websites
    1. Our website includes hyperlinks to other websites owned and operated by third parties; such hyperlinks are not recommendations.
  16. Competitions
    1. From time to time we may run competitions, free prize draws and/or other promotions on our website.
    2. Competitions will be subject to separate terms and conditions (which we will make available to you as appropriate).
  17. Variation
    1. We may revise these terms and conditions from time to time.
    2. The revised terms and conditions will apply to the use of our website from the date of their publication on the website, and you hereby waive any right you may otherwise have to be notified of, or to consent to, revisions of the terms and conditions. / We will give you written notice of any revision of these terms and conditions, and the revised terms and conditions will apply to the use of our website from the date that we give you such notice; if you do not agree to the revised terms and conditions, you must stop using our website.
    3. If you have given your express agreement to these terms and conditions, we will ask for your express agreement to any revision of these terms and conditions; and if you do not give your express agreement to the revised terms and conditions within such period as we may specify, we will disable or delete your account on the website, and you must stop using the website.
  18. Assignment
    1. You hereby agree that we may assign, transfer, sub-contract or otherwise deal with our rights and/or obligations under these terms and conditions.
    2. You may not without our prior written consent assign, transfer, sub-contract or otherwise deal with any of your rights and/or obligations under these terms and conditions.
  19. Severability
    1. If a provision of these terms and conditions is determined by any court or other competent authority to be unlawful and/or unenforceable, the other provisions will continue in effect.
    2. If any unlawful and/or unenforceable provision of these terms and conditions would be lawful or enforceable if part of it were deleted, that part will be deemed to be deleted, and the rest of the provision will continue in effect.
  20. Third party rights
    1. These terms and conditions are for our benefit and your benefit, and are not intended to benefit or be enforceable by any third party.
    2. The exercise of the parties' rights under these terms and conditions is not subject to the consent of any third party.
  21. Law and jurisdiction
    1. These terms and conditions shall be governed by and construed in accordance with English law.
    2. Any disputes relating to these terms and conditions shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England.
  22. Our details
    1. This website is licensed and operated by Second World War.
    2. You can contact us by using by email to ramm.digitalmedia@gmail.com
Close